Archive for the 'Linux' Category

Expand Hard Disk VMWare Linux (Debian)

I had Nagios running on a VM and the primary partition had almost no space left. Here the steps I had to do to expand the Partition.

1. Prepare the VM
1. Shutdown VM
2. Remove all Snapshots (Otherwise you can’t expand the HD)
3. Expand the Hard Drive
4. Make a Snapshot again in case something goes wrong

2. Check the State
Show all partitions and note the infos somewhere

fdisk -l

3. Find out the Start and the End Sector of the unallocated Space
Well the only way I found out was was actually to create an additional partition.

1. fdisk /dev/sda
2. n (new partition)
3. p (primary)
4. 3 (free number)
5. Enter (Note the default Start Number)
6. Enter (Note the default End Number)
7 w (To write/save it)

And now it looked like this and from the /dev/sda3 can I see now the last sector which is 5221:

First of all I didn’t understand why are the sectors from /dev/sda2 and /dev/sda5 overlapping. After some research it made sense because without and extended partition there would be a limit of just 4 primary partitions. This means that the /dev/sda2 is actually the container of the logical partition /dev/sda5.

Secondly I didn’t want to have a seperate partition /dev/sda3, instead I wanted to expand the /dev/sda1. But this is going to be a problem because we would need the sectors next to it and this would be overlapping with /dev/sda2 and /dev/sda5.

So with all previous information it is now easy to calcualte all Start and End Sectors of the partitions and the result should look like this

4. Repartition Everything
Now to get the result above we need to repartition everything.

1. First of all we need to switch off swapping so that the partiton /dev/sda2 and /dev/sda5 can be deleted
swapoff -a
2. fdisk /dev/sda
3. Delete all partitions even the /dev/sda1
d (Trough all numbers)
4. Recreate all partitions with the Start and End Sectors we calculated. /dev/sda1 should be a primary and the /dev/sda2 an extended. Then add the /dev/sda5 which is a logical in /dev/sda2.
5. With the /dev/sda5 I changed the Partition ID to SWAP
6. Save it

Switch swapping back on swapon /dev/sda5

4. Make sure the Kernels takes modified partition table into account
Now the partition table has been modified but the Kernel doesn’t take it to account yet.

partx /dev/sda

This command should fix this but I also rebooted the machine.

5. Finally expand the Partition
resize2fs /dev/sda1

Now you should have it. You can check the result with df.

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admin on January 5th 2018 in IT, Linux

ESXi change Kali screen resolution

Even I installed the VMWare Tools I wasn’t able to change the resolution. At the end I found out that I had to increase the video card memory from 4 up to 32. Now it works like a charm.

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admin on December 26th 2017 in IT, Linux

Find Files and DElete it on Linux

Run first:
find . -name "*.bak" -type f

If you decided to delete run:
find . -name "*.bak" -type f -delete

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admin on February 5th 2017 in IT, Linux

Detecting and Mounting CD-Rom in Debian

apt-get install cdrskin
cdrskin –devices
mkdir /mnt/cdrom
sudo mount /dev/sr0 /mnt/cdrom

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admin on August 3rd 2016 in IT, Linux

Install OwnCloud on Debian

I already made once a tutorial how to install OwnCloud on Debian. But since then you can find it in the repository of aptitude and is therefore much easier to install.

  1. apt-get update
  2. apt-get install owncloud
  3. apt-get install mysql-server mysql-client
  4. Create DB and User
    mysql –u root –p
    CREATE DATABASE owncloud;
    CREATE USER owncloud@localhost IDENTIFIED BY ‘password’;
    GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON owncloud.* TO owncloud@localhost;
    flush privileges;
  5. Create Directories
    mkdir /var/owncloud
    chown www-data:www-data /var/owncloud
    chmod 750 /var/owncloud
  6. Run owncloud
  7. Username: owncloud
    Password: Password you have picked for the DB.
    DB Name: owncloud
    Hostname: localhost
  8. Activate HTTPS
    a2enmod ssl
    a2ensite default-ssl
    service apache2 restart

After that you just need to install the OwnCloud clients on your devices and then you are ready to go.

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admin on August 1st 2016 in Cloud, Internet, IT, Linux

automatically download subtitles and add it to vlc

Because English is not my mother tongue and I can’t always follow dialogues in movies, I wished a couple of times that there would be a easy way to add subtitles. You can add subtitles with VLC without extension but then you need to have the file already or you need to search in the internet for it.
Luckily you can extend vlc with a great subtitle plugin which automatically searches the internet and finds a suitable subtitle. This saves you some time and steps.

  1. Download the extension:
  2. Copy the files into the following directory:
    Windows: C:/Program Files/VideoLAN/VLC/lua/extensions/
    Mac OS X: /Applications/
    Linux: ~/.local/share/vlc/lua/extensions/
  3. Restart VLC Player
  4. Now you should find a new entry for VLSub under extensions.

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admin on December 19th 2015 in IT, Linux, MAC, Multimedia, Windows

SSH Socks Server doesn’t work

You created the right tunnel:
ssh –p 80 –D 6666

Note: I picked port 80 for my environment because it isn’t usually blocked by firewalls. So you can easily bypass them.

Finally you have pointed the proxy of your browser to the right tunnel but it still doesn’t work.

It took me a while to figure it out, but the solution was quite simple. You need to leave all proxy settings blank, except the socket setting. Now it works like a charm;-)


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admin on April 11th 2014 in Internet, IT, Linux, Windows

SYNchronise vSphere Time Manually

#sntp –r

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admin on February 25th 2013 in IT, Linux, VMWare

AntiVirus on Server

It can be a good a idea to have a different AntiVirus on the servers than on the desktops. So you have a layered scan.

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admin on February 12th 2013 in IT, Linux, Windows

Quick and Dirty Stock Market Ticker for bash shell

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admin on August 8th 2012 in IT, Linux

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